【例】 Hearing the news, they all jumped with joy.
Using what you know of word stems and word formations, you can make a guess at the meaning of a new word.
The students went out of the classroom, laughing and talking.
Accompanied by his friend, he went to the railway station. Given better attention, the plants could grow better.
He looked tired and depressed, visibly disturbed by the news of his mother's illness.
【例】 Not shavings enough hands, we turned to them for help.(we don't have enough hands)
Taught by mistakes and setbacks, we have become wiser and handled our affairs better. (we are taught/teach us)
Inspired by Leifeng, the people in China worked very hard to achieve their modernization.
____the earth to be flat, many feared that Columbus would fall off the edge. (CET-4 1996,6)
A) Having believed
D) Being believed
No matter how frequently ____, the works of Beethoven always attract large audiences. (CET-4 1995, 6)
C) to be performed
D) being performed
____as it was at such a time, his work attracted much attention. (CET-4 1996,1) A) Being published B) Published C) Publishing D) To be published
2)“while ( when, once, until, if , though等连词)＋分词”结构现在分词或过去分词作状语时，有时可以在分词前加while，when, once, although, until, if等连词。
【例如】When leaving the airport, she waved again and again to us.
While waiting for the train, I had a long talk with my sister about her work.
【例如】This is really an exhausting day to all of us!
We can see the part of the moon lighted by sunlight.
After a night spent in excitement and sleeplessness, I forced myself to take a long walk along the beach the next day.
More and more developing countries established strategic partnership with developed countries.
The young sitting between my sister and my brother is my cousin Jack.
3. 分词作宾语补足语现在分词在see, watch, hear, observe, notice, feel, find, glimpse, glance等感官动词和look at, listen to等短语动词以及have, keep, get, catch, leave, set, start, send等使役动词后面与名词或代词构成复合宾语，作宾语补语的成分。
【例如】On the top of the hill, we could see smoke rising from the chimneys in the village.
The boy sat beside the railway line and watched the trains roaring by.
We should not leave him wondering what he should do.
I am sorry to have kept you waiting for such a long time.
I caught him doing something else in class.
4. 过去分词可以在allow, ask, consider, desire, expect, feel, find, get, have, hear, imagine, keep, like, make, observe, order, permit, prefer, remember, request, require, see, urge动词等后面作宾语补足语。
【例如】You should keep her informed of what is going on here.
I expected you well prepared for the examination.
在动词see, hear, feel, watch, notice，perceive，observe, listen to, look at后既可用现在分词做补语,也可用不定式做补语。用现在分词表示动作正在进行,用不定式表示的动作的全过程已经完成。
【例】I saw Mr. White get off a bus.
I saw Mr. White looking into a shop window.
——Do you hear someone knocking at the door?
——Yes, I did. I heard him knock three times.
【例】The film “Harry Potter” is really exciting, and I am excited about it.
His response to the question was quite disappointing. I really felt ______ at his response.